Journal Volumes V-VIII

Below is a summary of the contents of Volumes V to VIII of the
Journal, which were those published between Autumn 1995 and Spring 1999.

More detailed descriptions of all Journal articles from Vol. I, No. 1 to the present day can be downloaded in pdf format by clicking HERE.

Additionally, the contents of Journals Vol. I, No. 1 to Vol. XXIV, No. 2 arranged by subject matter can be downloaded in the form of a ROUGH GUIDE compiled by former Society chairman Nick Lynch.

Vol. V, No. 1, Autumn 1995

Daniel da Cruz: Pilgrim’s Road

Daniel da Cruz, an expert on the Middle East who has written regularly for Aramco World, gives a short history of the Hejaz railway up to 1965.

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Amram Scheyer: The Lawrence-Aaronsohn Relationship

Very little has been written about Aaron Aaronsohn, a prominent Zionist leader during the First World War, and his associations with Lawrence. Amram Scheyer, an Israeli writer who has written the only biography in Hebrew of Lawrence, Laurens ul’ Acharav
Hemered Bamidbar, describes Aaronsohn’s involvement with the Arab Bureau.

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Ton Hoenselaars and Gene M. Moore: Joseph Conrad and T. E. Lawrence

Lawrence’s desire to explore the methods and techniques of other writers led him to meet a number of distinguished authors in the 1920s and 1930s. Ton Hoenselaars and Gene Moore, co-authors of this article, have written on a subject which has received little attention.

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Norman Postlethwaite: Homer’s Odyssey and Lawrence’s

In his article T. E. Lawrence and the Translating of the Odyssey, 1928-1931 [Vol. III, No. 2], Jeremy Wilson provided an interesting account of Lawrence as translator. Dr Norman Postlethwaite, Head of the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Exeter, has looked at the translation from a different viewpoint.

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Andrew Lownie: The Friendship of Lawrence and Buchan

Society member Andrew Lownie,  who has published a biography of John Buchan, looks at the friendship between Lawrence and Buchan.

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Alun Lewis: Dusty Hermitage

Alun Lewis (1914-1944) is recognised as one of the most important British writers of World War II.  Stationed at Bovington Camp in the 1940s, he visited Clouds Hill, inspiring him to write this fictional short story.

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Robert Bolt: Apologia

Robert Bolt’s screen play for Lawrence of Arabia received some strong criticism and he wrote Apologia to explain his approach to the subject.

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Vol. V, No. 2, Spring 1996

Jerrold R. Caplan: The Lives of Lawrence and Odysseus

Taking Plutarch as his model, the author has made a comparison between the two lives.

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Nadeem Elissa: The Cairo Conference of 1921

Nadeem Elissa wrote a thesis on the Cairo Conference as part of his MA degree at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Most of his thesis is included in this issue. He describes the discussions that took place before, during and after the conference, and the resulting decisions which played such an important part in Middle Eastern history.

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Clara Marvin: Lawrence the Listener

In her investigation of Lawrence’s musical activities and opinions, Clara Marvin has written on a subject which deeply interested him but one that has received virtually no attention in the literature since the 1930s.

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Malcolm Brown: Living with Lawrence

Malcolm Brown writes about his thoughts and experiences when editing Lawrence’s letters.

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H. St. J. B. Armitage: T. E. Lawrence and Henry Williamson

St. John Armitage draws attention in his article on Lawrence and Henry Williamson to fallacies which too readily find their way into print.

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Vol. VI, No. 1, Autumn 1996

James P. Ramage: T. E. Lawrence and the Postage Stamps Issue for the Hejaz

The decision to issue Hejaz postage stamps in 1916 provided Lawrence with an opportunity to participate in an artistic activity which must have come as a welcome, albeit brief, respite from wartime privations.

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Christophe Leclerc: T. E. Lawrence and Louis Massignon

France had deep-rooted colonial aspirations in Syria which Lawrence saw as an obstacle. This article shows that despite this source of friction, there was an affinity between Lawrence and
Massignon.

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Harold Orlans: The Ways of Transgressors

It is generally accepted that Lawrence knew at an early age that he was illegitimate, though there is insufficient evidence to establish how much he really knew. The Ways of Transgressors puts forward an alternative interpretation.

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Nicholas Lynch: In the Wilderness of Zin

In 1996 Nick Lynch completed his third journey to the Middle East, this time through the Wilderness of Zin. As on the previous occasions, he has written up his desert travels.

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H. St. J. B. Armitage: Lawrence: Life and Legend or Sense and Nonsense?

St. John Armitage provides a critical appraisal of the second edition of Lawrence James’s biography The Golden Warrior.

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D. G. Hogarth: Lawrence of Arabia: Story of his Book: A Lavish Edition, [Review of Seven Pillars of Wisdom from The Times, December 13 1926]

Illustrations of Colonel Lawrence’s Book [Review of the 1927 Leicester Galleries exhibition from The Times, February 4 1927]

B. H. Liddell Hart: Seven Pillars of Wisdom, A Worthy Edition [Review of Seven Pillars of Wisdom from The Times, July 29 1935]

We have reprinted three articles about Seven Pillars of Wisdom from The Times. The first, by D. G. Hogarth, discusses the Subscriber’s Edition of 1926. The second reviews the exhibition of its
illustrations that took place at the Leicester Galleries in 1927. The third article, by Liddell Hart, reviews the first trade edition of Seven Pillars in 1935.

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Vol. VI, No. 2, Spring 1997

Jerome Bertram: Brass Rubbing

Father Bertram’s paper on brass rubbing provides a useful introduction to the craft and gives an indication of why Lawrence was so enthusiastic about this activity.

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Maureen Mellor: Potsherds and Plasticine: Lawrence the Collector

Maureen Mellor describes the excavations that took place in
Oxford at the time when Lawrence was searching building sites and collecting potsherds, and relates how he established a rapport with Assistant Keepers of the Ashmolean, C. F. Bell and E. T. Leeds, which developed into lasting friendships.

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Malcolm Brown: Behind the Genteel Façade

Looking at the relationship between Lawrence’s unmarried parents and its effect upon Lawrence.

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Edward Maggs: From Carchemish to Cair Paravel

An experienced bookseller expounds on the buying and selling of books, with all its ramifications.

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Susan Warren: Thomas Hardy and T. E. Lawrence: A Literary Friendship

Analysing Lawrence’s relationship with Thomas Hardy and his possible influence on Hardy’s later poetry.

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Robert Franks: The ‘Categorical Imperative in Skirts’ who loved the ‘Prince of Mecca’

This article begins with a brief account of the French philosopher
Simone Weil’s life and proceeds to discuss the reasons she found Lawrence such an absorbing person.

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Vol. VII, No. 1, Autumn 1997

Dr Malcolm Graham: The Oxford of T. E. Lawrence

The author of a number of books including The Images of Victorian Oxford, Dr Malcolm Graham is well qualified to describe the Oxford of Lawrence’s boyhood.

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John Middleton Murry: Arabia Deserta

John Middleton Murry makes the point that Travels in Arabia
Deserta ‘is a great book for the simplest and most sufficient of reasons: it is a direct enlargement of human experience.’ Also it provides a background that gives the reader a fuller appreciation of Seven Pillars of Wisdom.

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Sir Ronald Storrs: The Spell of Arabia: Charles Doughty and T. E. Lawrence

From a series of talks entitled The Spell of Arabia, broadcast on the BBC’s Third Programme in 1947, we have taken Sir Ronald Storrs’ contribution, Charles Doughty and T. E. Lawrence.

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Martin Young: Hubert Young at Carchemish

Martin Young’s father, Major Sir Hubert Young, first met Lawrence at Carchemish in 1913 when Young was a Lieutenant in the Indian Army, before serving with him during the Arab Revolt and then at the Cairo Conference in 1921. We are fortunate in being able to publish here, for the first time, not only his son’s article on that first meeting, but photographs taken by Young at Carchemish.

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Baron Kress von Kressenstein: The Campaign in Palestine from the Enemy’s Side

This article, reprinted from the Royal United Services Institute
Journal, is attributed to Colonel Baron Kress von Kressenstein,
described by Liddell Hart as ‘the inspiration and brain of the Turks in Palestine for the first three years of the war.’

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Peter Metcalfe: A Note on T. E. Lawrence’s Service Records

Peter Metcalfe has unearthed some of Lawrence’s service records which we have reproduced here.

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Robert Franks: Diaghilev of America and Lawrence of Arabia

Robert Franks discusses the correspondence that passed between Lincoln Kirstein, an entrepreneur in the world of ballet in America who also devoted his considerable energies to writing, and Lawrence. Although they never met, Lawrence had a genuine desire to see Kirstein and exchange views on creative writing with the
‘Diaghilev of America’.

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Vol. VII, No. 2, Spring 1998

Claire Keith: The Lowell Thomas Papers, Part I

When Sir Ronald Storrs introduced Lawrence to Lowell Thomas in Jerusalem in 1917, it marked the beginning of an association between a leader of the Arab Revolt and a notable American journalist. Professor Claire Keith’s article makes extensive use of the Lowell Thomas archives at Marist College, Poughkeepsie, New York.

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D. G. Heslop: Railways of the Near East: After Lawrence in Arabia

In this article, one of a series entitled Railways of the Near East published by the Railway Magazine in 1934, Major D. G. Heslop writes of his experiences helping to restore the railway line between Damascus and Medina in the aftermath of the Arab Revolt.

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Vol. VIII, No. 1, Autumn 1998

C. S. Jarvis: Lawrence and the Arab Revolt

Major Claude Scudamore Jarvis succeeded Lieutenant-Colonel W. F. Stirling as Governor of Sinai in 1922. In the following thirteen years he acquired an extensive knowledge of Arabic and Bedouin customs and established a reputation for settling tribal disputes. This article is taken from a chapter in Three Deserts, one of his books relating his experiences in the Middle East.

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Maurice Larès: How Lawrence Shortened Seven Pillars of Wisdom

A comparison of the 1922 and 1926 versions of the Seven Pillars chapter titled Myself, applying a method used by the Bibliothèque de la Pleiade.

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Harold Orlans: Lawrence’s Political Outlook

Harold Orlans’ sociological interests and the four years he spent in London after the last war have prompted him to write here about Lawrence’s political views.

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Robert Franks: My Name is Legion

Robert Franks discusses the number and variety of names that Lawrence used.

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H. M. Tomlinson: Lawrence in Retrospect

The writer H. M. Tomlinson writes here about his impressions of the great, and tells of his first encounter with Lawrence.

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Vol. VIII, No. 2, Spring 1999

Martin Young: Hubert Young and ‘Hedgehog’

In Vol. VII, No. 1, Martin Young described his father’s meeting with Lawrence at Carchemish in 1913. He now relates how his father
and a small team of British officers participated in the Arab Revolt during the closing months of the War.

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Claire Keith: The Lowell Thomas Papers, Part II

Part I of Claire Keith’s paper [Vol. VII, No. 2] was a result of research work she carried out in the Lowell Thomas archive at Marist College. Here, we publish Part II, which concludes Claire’s examination of this singular episode in Lawrence’s life.